The Vienna City Museum has many interesting exhibits that show different aspects of life in the city over the ages. The museum also hosts a small but excellent art collection with paintings by Kurzweill, Klimt, Schiele and Gerstl. One of the museum's strangest exhibits is a Moonstone or Moon Idol that dates from 5,000 to 8,000 BCE (i.e. Iron Age). It looks like a fire grate but the ends are shaped like the crescent moon.
Moonstones or Moon Idols like this are found in burial sites from this period along with casseroles and foot bowls. The association is that women were responsible for cooking and household duties. The later Iron Age in Austria is known as the Kalenderberg Culture period and there exists pictorial evidence of female deities from the same period found in nearby North East Italy.
There are very few images of the Moon that have survived from antiquity. My explanation is that because the Moon could be seen most evenings from Earth there was no need for an artist to make a representation of it unless it was for ritual or ceremonial use. The ritual and ceremonial use seem to be always in service of a female moon deity. The concepts of a female moon and male sun go back further than the Iron age and were still current in Shakespeare's time. The Moon is Diana (Timon of Athens Act IV, Scene 3, or A Midsummer Night's Dream Act I, Scene 1) or Phoebe (again in A Midsummer Night's Dream Act I, Scene1), or Cynthia (Pericles Act II, Scene 5 and Romeo and Juliet Act III, Scene 5). The Moon is always the Pale Queen of the Night (Two Gentlemen of Verona Act IV, Scene 2). Shakespeare refers to the Sun as Phoebus (Apollo) and always in the masculine (Hamlet Act III, Scene 2, Romeo and Juliet Act II, Scene 2, Cymbeline Act II, Scene 3, Much Ado About Nothing Act V, Scene 3). Shakespeare was writing for his time and for his audiences. If the people who paid to go to the theatre understood that the Moon was feminine and the Sun masculine then Shakespeare simply used these analogies in his actor's lines to convey a deeper meaning with fewer words.